Red Haired Giants

What was missing when Iposted on Goliath in Lake Erie country washard evidence.  Here we not only have thedirect evidence, but also creditable context.

We learn that a tribeof super tall human beings, known as giants, lived in the Americas atleast up to recent times.  As I observed,the Erie example happened to be of the key traderoute for Lake superior copper on its way to Bronze Age Europe and the Levant and the Philistines.

That we now know themto be red haired and white is important. This suggests that their ancestral homeland was somewhere in the Balticand that the copper trade brought them to the Americas.

The collapse of thecopper trade in 1159 BCE cut them off and left them as well as other Europeansvulnerable to local tribal warfare.  However,this remnant appears to have survived until quite recently.

I hope someone can getDNA from the remains and determine if anything is particularly unique.

Nevada's mysteriouscave of the red-haired giants

Many Native American tribes from the Northeastand Southwest still relate the legends of the red-haired giants and how theirancestors fought terrible, protracted wars against the giants when they firstencountered them in North America almost 15,000 years ago.

Others, like the Aztecs and Mayans recorded their encounters with a race ofgiants to the north when they ventured out on exploratory expeditions.

Who were these red-haired giants that history books have ignored? Their burialsites and remains have been discovered on almost every continent.

In the United States theyhave been unearthed in Virginia and New York state, Michigan,Illinois and Tennessee,Arizona and Nevada.

And it's the state of Nevada that the story ofthe native Paiute's wars against the giant red-haired men transformed from alocal myth to a scientific reality during 1924 when the Lovelock Caveswere excavated.

At one time the Lovelock Cave was known asHorseshoe cave because of its U-shaped interior. The cavern—located about 20miles south of modern day Lovelock, Nevada,is approximately 40-feet deep and 60-feet wide.

It's a very old cave that pre-dates humans on this continent. In prehistorictimes it lay underneath a giant inland lake called Lahontan that covered muchof western Nevada.Geologists have determined the cavern was formed by the lake's currents andwave action.

The legend

The Paiutes, a Native-American tribe indigenous to parts of Nevada,Utah and Arizona, told early white settlers abouttheir ancestors' battles with a ferocious race of white, red-haired giants.According to the Paiutes, the giants were already living in the area.

The Paiutes named the giants "Si-Te-Cah" that literally means“tule-eaters.” The tule is a fibrous water plant the giants wove into rafts toescape the Paiutes continuous attacks. They used the rafts to navigate acrosswhat remained of Lake Lahontan

According to the Paiutes, the red-haired giants stood as tall as 12-feet andwere a vicious, unapproachable people that killed and ate captured Paiutesas food.

The Paiutes told the early settlers that after many years of warfare, all thetribes in the area finally joined together to rid themselves of the giants.

One day as they chased down the few remaining red-haired enemy, the fleeinggiants took refuge in a cave. The tribal warriors demanded their enemy come outand fight, but the giants steadfastly refused to leave their sanctuary.

Frustrated at not defeating their enemy with honor, the tribal chiefshad warriors fill the entrance to the cavern with brush and then set it on firein a bid to force the giants out of the cave.

The few that did emerge were instantly slain with volleys of arrows. The giantsthat remained inside the cavern were asphyxiated.

Later, an earthquake rocked the region and the cave entrance collapsed leavingonly enough room for bats to enter it and make it their home.

The excavation 

Thousands ofyears later the cave was rediscovered and found to be loaded with bat guanoalmost 6-feet deep. Decaying bat guano becomes saltpeter, the chief ingredientof gunpowder, and was very valuable. 

Therefore, in 1911 a company was created specifically to mine the guano. As themining operation progressed, skeletons and fossils were found. 

The guano was mined for almost 13 years before archaeologists were notifiedabout the findings. Unfortunately, by then many of the artifacts had beenaccidentally destroyed or simply discarded.

Nevertheless, what the scientific researchers did recover was staggering: over10,000 artifacts were unearthed including the mummified remains of twored-haired giants—one, a female 6.5-feet tall, the other male, over 8-feettall. 

Many of the artifacts (but not the giants) can be viewed at the small naturalhistory museum located in Winnemucca, Nevada.

Confirmation of the myth

As the excavation of the cave progressed, the archaeologists came to theinescapable conclusion that the Paiutes myth was no myth; it was true.

What led them to this realization was the discovery of many broken arrows thathad been shot into the cave and a dark layer of burned material under sectionsof the overlaying guano.

Among the thousands of artifacts recovered from this site of an unknown peopleis what some scientists are convinced is a calendar: a donut-shaped stone withexactly 365 notches carved along its outside rim and 52 corresponding notchesalong the inside.

But that was not to be the final chapter of red-haired giants in Nevada. 

In February and June of 1931, two very large skeletons were found in theHumboldt dry lake bed near Lovelock, Nevada.

One of the skeletons measured 8.5-feet tall and was later described as havingbeen wrapped in a gum-covered fabric similar to Egyptian mummies. The other wasnearly 10-feet long. [Nevada Review-Miner newspaper, June 19, 1931.]

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