Karpen's Pile Operates for Sixty Years

Read this.  First of all, the cathode and anode are twometals that I reasonably assume do not contribute free ions into the nearpurity sulphuric acid.  I assume that theacid is sealed off from the environment. Thus we can assume that the acid collects a surplus of electrons fromthe environment that are then released by the work produced.

The container may beand surely must be an insulator but still has sufficient electron leakage tobuild up a charge.  The remainingquestion is how direction of electron flow may be established.  At worst we have the Earth’s magnetic field.

This protocol deservesto be worked on and replicated.  A simplecoil could direct the produced electron surplus to give serious work.

I must say that concentratingelectrons in an insulated pile is a novel idea and may be vastly more efficientthan any would guess from this demonstration. The next question is to discover how it varies with level of insulationor access to ground.

A battery operates continuously in Romanian museum since1950

For more than three centuries inventors—usually crackpots—have soughtthe elusive fantasy of a perpetual motion machine.

Now investigators of an amazing object stuck in the dusty corners of an obscureRomanian museum may have found the next best thing: a perpetual battery.

Whether a battery that has operated continuously since 1950 without a rechargecan be termed perpetual may be open to debate, yet the fact remains that theremarkable device has never ceased working and doesn't look like it's about togive up the ghost anytime soon.

The battery that's been pumping out electricity faithfully for 60 years was builtby Vasile Karpen.

Karpen's Pile

The director of the Dimitrie Leonida National Technical Museum in Romania,Nicolae Diaconescu, wheninterviewed about the battery by the Romanian newspaper, ZIUA (TheDay) said, "I admit it's also hard for me to advance the idea of an overunity generator without soundingridiculous, even if the object exists."

That the battery—called "Karpen's Pile"—exists is indisputable.

When Karpen built the battery he claimed it would function forever. Althoughdecades ago engineers and physicists that studied it believed it would stopworking soon it never has stopped.

Those engineersand physicists are now long dead, but the amazing "perpetual" batterykeeps humming along.

Patented in 1922, most scientists that have studied it over the ensuing decadescannot fathom exactly how or why it works. 

The Karpen's pile that sits in the director's office at the museum was aprototype built to Karpen's specifications. It has two series-connectedelectric piles that move a small galvanometric motor. That motor spins a bladethat's connected to a switch. Every half rotation the blade opens and thencloses the circuit during the second half of the rotation.

According to some engineers that have analyzed the ingenious device, theblade's rotation is exactly timed to allow the piles to recharge themselves andre-establish their polarity before the next rotation of the blade.

ZIUA also reported that a measurement of the current established a steady onevolt output—exactly the same as when the battery was first activated in 1950.

During the interview with the newspaper, Diaconescu added that "unlike thelessons they teach you in the 7th grade physics class, the 'Karpen's Pile' hasone of its electrodes made of gold, the other of platinum, and the electrolyte(the liquid that the two electrodes are immersed in), is high-purity sulfuricacid."

The museum director also asserted the battery could be made larger to producemore power.

"The French showed themselves very interested by this patrimonial objectin the 70s," Diaconescu said, "and wanted to take it. Our museum hasbeen able to keep it, though. As time passed, the fact that the battery doesn'tstop producing energy is more and more clear, giving birth to the legend of aperpetual motion machine."

Recently, some leading European electrical engineers proposed that the devicecreates power by converting heat into mechanical energy. Diaconescu doesn'tagree.

The fascination over Karpen's Pile is fed by the possible physics behind it.Some who have studied the theory Karpen created explaining the functionality ofhis battery believe the engineer's device violates the Second Law ofThermodynamics.

Others scoff atthat, but then go on to argue that it may well be an application of the physicsinherent in drawing power from the theoretical "Zero Point," thusmaking it a Zero Point Energy device.

Whatever the cause, understanding the driving principle underlying Karpen'sPile might revolutionize both physics and the search for alternative energysources.

And it certainly puts to shame the Energizer Bunny.

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