What makes this item important is that it is the future of humanity. Terraforming is generally difficult to describe because the mind want big solutions when the answer is all about local solutions brought about by villages.
This is a great example of just that. Crummy land was chosen and with well chosen investments, both the carrying capacity of the land improved, but so to the carrying capacity of the environment itself. It turned out that the two supported each other.
So read this item slowly and then think about a small part of your own water shed and think about what can be done to improve it all. That is the real terraforming and we have been doing this for ten thousand years.
We are actually better at it than we admit. Otherwise, there would not be six billion of us.
The Village that Reinvented the World
Published November 02, 2010 by:
Almost Four Decades Ago, Gaviotas was Started as a Sustainable Community in One of the Harshest Places in
South America. It Has Worked -- Largely Because of Trees
In 1971, United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization scholar Paolo Lugari started an eco-social experiment in the barren Llanos plains east of the Andes in
called Gaviotas. Colombia
Situated in one of the most extreme, most inhospitable climates in
"They always put social experiments in the easiest, most fertile places," Lugari said. "We wanted the hardest place. We figured if we could do it here, we could do it anywhere."
"The vision gestating in Paolo Lugari's subconscious involved his hunch that someday the world would become so crowded that humans would have to learn to live in the planet's least desirable areas," wrote Alan Weisman, author of "Gaviotas: A Village to Reinvent the World."
Today, Gaviotas is a thriving eco-village of about 200 people. They farm organically. They use wind and solar power. Since 2004, Gaviotas has been 100% fossil fuel-independent.
The residents also enjoy free housing, schooling and community meals. Shockingly, considering the region's dangerous political situation, there are no weapons, no police, no jail and no mayor.
But though these elements would make any social experiment a success, perhaps the most remarkable accomplishment of Gaviotas is the planting of 1.5 million Caribbean pine trees and palm trees, a bold initiative that has helped to restore the receding rainforest border closer to what it was in pre-Colombian times. The various results of this new tree growth have been incredible.
The transpiration of the trees has helped to engender more productive rainfall cycles. The shade of the trees has inspired the return of many rainforest species that were once native to the region. Additionally, the residents of Gaviotas enjoy a sustainable source of income from the resin harvested from the trees.
The United Nations named Gaviotas a model of sustainable development. The Colombian novelist and Nobel Prize laureate Gabriel Garcia Marquez called Lugari the "inventor of the world."
A new study by a team of researchers from the University of Wisconsin-Madison, the University of Minnesota, Stanford University, Arizona State University and The Nature Conservancy has found that "nature's capacity
to store carbon, the element at the heart of global climate woes, is steadily eroding as the world's farmers expand croplands at the expense of native ecosystem such as forests," according to the press release.
Considering this disturbing fact -- and as the world population surges towards an estimated 9 billion by the year 2050 and global warming continues the steady increase of the planet's surface temperatures -- Gaviotas stands as one shining example of how things could be different.