This piece comes from the cryptozooloogist and also has a slew of pictures which are doubtful representations at best. It outlines the known reports on the Mothman from
and also gives us a best explanation as to the creature’s identity. West Virginia
We do not have a lot of reports which is unfortunate, but we do have enough to accept the characterization spelled out in the last section. The big problem is that this creature has been seen in only one locale and has not been spotted elsewhere at all. Yet related sightings took place over a decade or so. This describes a creature in residence and not forced to migrate by weather.
The idea of a large owl makes a lot of general sense, not least because the unusual aerodynamics of owl flight fits the observations. This is extremely important because the observed flight behavior cannot by replicated by other bird types. So except for size alone we are observing an owl.
An owl immediately solves the other large difficulty. How does an owl likely weighing most of a hundred pounds feed itself. An owl hunts mice and other small rodents from the air by swooping in and grabbing them. A six foot owl would have an unlimited supply of rabbits to feed on all year that are in fact out at night on moonlit meadows.
Food is then no problem at all and any large thick tree can provide nesting and cover.
We have no idea on actual population size at all. One pair likely made all the observations presently known. Their apparent home range was also large but that tells us little. We can assume that this owl hugs the forest and likely prefers old growth stands. It has also likely fled when humans showed up to disturb their area.
Lack of human observation is thus not much of a surprise. Except for this one reported example we would not even suspect the possibility. That is in spite of the suggestive nature of owl aerodynamics. It is remarkably effective for getting off the ground into gliding height. Larger birds are clearly plausible.
Everything about this creature is nocturnal and woodland oriented. This is the same niche also shared by the Sasquatch with the same effect of making them difficult to locate or ever observe. It could actually be prospering throughout the
Appalachians and other forested areas.
MOTHMAN - ONE OF THE MOST BIZARRE "PSEUDO-CRYPTIDS" EVER REPORTED - PART 1
The Mothman [originally called the "Big Bird"] is a creature reportedly seen in the
A number of hypotheses have been presented to explain eyewitness accounts, ranging from misidentification and coincidence, to paranormal phenomena and conspiracy theories.
The first sighting which received publicity, though, was one in 1965. A woman was driving along Route 2, near the
A woman living near the
In the summer of 1966, a doctor's wife in the same general area said that she had seen a six-foot-long thing resembling a "giant butterfly". On November 12, five gravediggers saw something which looked like a "brown human being" fly out of the trees near Clendenin. One of the witnesses, Kenneth Duncan, said that they watched the creature for almost a minute.
On the 14th of the month,
The next night, November 15, two young, married couples from
Terrified, Mr. Scarberry, who was driving, took off in his car toward Route 62, with the creature supposedly chasing them at speeds exceeding 100 miles per hour. It didn't seem to flap its wings at all, and its wingspan was over ten feet. Mrs. Mallette said that it made a squeaking sound, "like a big mouse."
However, as quoted in Keel's The Mothman Prophecies, the Scarberrys, despite driving at such excessive speeds and being chased by the creature, claimed to have noticed a dead dog on the side of the road, and in fact made such accurate note of its location that they claimed to have gone back the very next day and looked for it. Explanations for how they were able to make so accurate a mental note at a time of such great distress, or why they would go back to look for the dead dog, are not included in Keel's book.
The creature continued flying alongside their vehicle up to the city limits. They then drove to the
courthouse to alert Deputy Millard Halstead, who later said, "I've known these kids all their lives. They'd never been in any trouble and they were really scared that night. I took them seriously." He then followed Roger Scarberry's car back to the secret ex-U.S. Federal bomb and missile factory, but found no trace of the strange creature. However, Deputy Halstead said that as he passed the spot where they had initially seen the figure, his police radio made a sound similar to a speeded-up record. Mason County
The following night, on November 16, several armed townspeople combed the area around the TNT plant for signs of the Mothman. Mr. and Mrs. Raymond Wamsley, and Mrs. Marcella Bennett, with her infant daughter Teena in tow, had gone to visit their friends, Mr. and Mrs. Ralph Thomas, who lived in a bungalow among the igloos (concrete dome-shaped dynamite storage structures erected during WW-II) near the TNT plant. The TNT Area, which seemed to be a sort of home for the "Mothman," as it was quickly dubbed by the press, is a large tract of sparsely populated land adjacent to the 2,500 acre McClintic Wildlife Station. The entire area is covered with dense forest, steep hills, and riddled with tunnels. The igloos were now empty, some owned by the county, others by companies intending to use them for storage.
On the way there, they watched a red light which circled the TNT Area. At about 9:00 pm, when the car pulled up in front of the Thomas's, it disturbed something. It seemed as if it had been lying down. It rose up slowly from the ground. A big gray thing, bigger than a man, with terrible glowing red eyes.
The witnesses ran to the Thomas home, where they were let in by the three children, the figureshuffling along behind them, coming onto the porch and looking through the window. Mr. Wamsley called the police, but the thing had, of course, vanished by the time they arrived. Mrs. Bennett, who lives at the edge of Point Pleasant, says she has heard the creature on other occasions. She describes the sound it makes as "like a woman screaming."
The same day was the setting for a much publicized report by a man in Salom who found his dog dead in a field, having apparentally been taken by the mothman. The story's origin and factuality is disputed however.
Paul Yoder and Ben Enochs, two firemen, said they had seen Mothman in the TNT Area on the 18th.
Richard West, of Charleston, called the police on November 21. A winged figure was sitting on the roof of his neighbor's house, he said. The six-foot tall figure had a wingspan of six or eight feet and red eyes. It took off straight up, "like a helicopter."
On November 24, four people allegedly saw the creature flying over the TNT area.
Tom Ury was driving along Route 62, near the TNT Area, on the morning of November 25. He sawa large, grayish figure standing in a field. Then it spread two large wings, lifted straight into the air, and flew over Ury's car at an altitude "three telephone poles high"—probably about 50 or 60 feet—as he sped toward the
On November 26, Mrs. Ruth Foster of
The same day, people in
And still more sightings came. On November 27, on the way home from church, Connie Carpenter saw a grayish figure standing on the golf course near Mason. The creature took off and flew straight towards her car. She was one of few who actually saw the creature's face, although her description—"It was horrible"—doesn't help much.
Another sighting took place that same night in
On December 4, five pilots at the Gallipolis,
Mabel McDaniel (coincidentally, mother of Linda Scarberry, one of the first witnesses) saw Mothman on January 11, 1967. Mrs. McDaniel said that at first the creature looked like "an airplane, then I realized it was flying much too low. It was brown and had a wingspread of at least ten feet."
In March, an
The last sighting seems to have come on November 2, shortly after noon. Mrs. Ralph Thomas (from Bennett's sighting) heard a "squeaky fan belt" outside her home and saw a "tall gray figure" moving among the concrete domes in the TNT Area.
Scattered sightings continued for several years afterwards. In 1968, especially, a number of hairy humanoids with glowing eyes were seen on
But no discussion of the Mothman phenomenon would be complete without recounting the story of the
Investigation of the bridge wreckage pointed to the failure of a single eye-bar in a suspension chain due to a small manufacturing flaw. Of course, it was only a matter of time before people began to connect this disaster with the Mothman sightings. Was Mothman some sort of warning sign of the impending disaster?
AFTER THE EVENT
A large collection of first-hand material about the Mothman is found in John Keel's 1975 book The Mothman Prophecies, in which Keel lays out the chronology of the Mothman and what he claims to be related parapsychological events in the area, including UFO activity, Men in Black encounters, poltergeist activity, Bigfoot and black panther sightings, animal and human mutilations, precognitions by witnesses, and the December 15, 1967 collapse of the Silver Bridge spanning the Ohio River.
Keel's first book was the basis of a 2002 film, "The Mothman Prophecies", starring Richard Gere, Laura Linney, Debra Messing, and Will Patton, directed by Mark Pellington. A companion book called The
In the May-June 2002 issue of the Skeptical Inquirer, journalist John C. Sherwood, a former business associate of UFO hoaxer Gray Barker, published an analysis of private letters between Keel and Barker during the period of Keel's investigation. In the article, "Gray Barker's Book of Bunk", Sherwood documented significant differences between what Keel wrote at the time of his investigation and what Keel wrote in his first book about the Mothman reports, raising questions about the book's accuracy.
Cryptozoologist Loren Coleman, in conjunction with Sony/Screen Gems studio and as noted in the documentary film by David Grabias, "In Search of the Mothman", served as one of the fictional movie's two publicity spokespersons (Keel being the other, although Keel's involvement was limited by health concerns).
Andy Colvin, a photographer and documentary filmmaker who claims to have seen the Mothman, has produced two books and a reality series on Mothman called "The Mothman's Photographer", featuring John Keel and almost 50 witnesses. Colvin's sister took a snapshot of him in 1973 that allegedly shows a Garuda in the background.
There are several theories concerning the Mothman phenomenon.
One of the early theories is that the Mothman was a misidentified Sandhill Crane, which, in the late 1960s had been a problem in surrounding regions. Sandhill cranes have an average wingspan of 5.3 feet (up to 7 feet), average overall length of 39 inches and have the general appearance described, glide for long distances without flapping, and have an unusual shriek. Other theories suggest the possibility of the Mothman being a Barn Owl, an albino owl, or perhaps a large Snowy Owl (based on artists' impressions). Skeptics suggest that the Mothman's glowing eyes are actually red-eye caused from the reflection of light, from flashlights, or other light sources that witnesses may have had with them.
Quite a few people believe that the Mothman is some kind of mutation from all of the chemicals and pollution at the TNT area. This could be a valid explanation since the EPA had declared the area an environmental disaster!
John Keel claimed that Mothman was related to parapsychological events in the area, including UFO activity, Men in Black encounters, poltergeist activity, Bigfoot and black panther sightings, animal and human mutilations, precognitions by witnesses, and the December 15, 1967 collapse of the Silver Bridge spanning the Ohio River.
In Episode 2 of the short-lived TV series "X-Testers", the researchers on the show attempted various ways to duplicate various photographs of what is said to be Mothman on bridges. The researchers concluded that a recent photo of an unidentified object on the bridge is possibly just a black garbage bag, and earlier photos are possibly just camera tricks.
Folklorist Jan Harold Brunvand cited elements in common between many Mothman reports and much older folk tales, and noted: "Something real may have triggered the Mothman scares, but the stories—whatever their sources—also incorporated existing folklore."
MOTHMAN: ONE OF THE MOST BIZARRE "PSEUDO-CRYPTIDS" EVER REPORTED - PART 2
THE CRYPTOZOOLOGIST'S THEORY ON THE IDENTITY OF THE MOTHMAN
I believe that the Mothman is possibly a surviving species of giant prehistoric owl, as yet unidentified through fossil remains. This is based on the significant number of characteristics which the Mothman appears to share with existing owls.
According to eyewitness accounts, Mothman stood much taller than an average man, at 7 feet tall, perhaps 8 feet. Its most prominent features were the massive wings spanning 10 feet across. Some accounts stated that small patches of feathers were spotted on the body and wings, some said the wings were featherless. Even more unusual were the huge, red, glowing eyes on the generally featureless face. Some eyewitnesses were unable to recall seeing a head; these reports stated the eyes were actually in the shoulder area where a neck and head "should" be. Few, if any, could remember details about the presence or type of feet the creature possessed.
Eyewitnesses alleged that Mothman could fly without flapping its wings, and could match the speed of an automobile trying to flee at 100 miles an hour. The creature never seemed to flap its wings when rising from the ground—it evidently was able to rise and float above the earth’s surface with little or no effort, not making any sound or noise.
CHARACTERISTICS OF OWLS THAT MATCH DESCRIPTIONS OF THE MOTHMAN
1. Essentially nocturnal. Roosts during daytime in dense vegetation, but seems to be active mostly in more open vegetation. When alarmed, ear tufts stand erectile, but when relaxed they are almost invisible.
2. Activity generally begins at dusk, but in some regions, may be seen in late afternoon or early morning.
3. Produces a hissing sound when angry or disturbed. Other sounds include whistling, screeching, deep "whuofs", a shrill "miah" call, a "wak-wak-wak", a "cheet", shrill shrieks, a growling "krrooo-oo" or screaming note when attacking intruders, a "whaaa whaaaaaa-a-a-aarrk" from disturbed birds, a catlike "MEEE-OWww", barks, hair-raising shrieks, coos, and beak snapping.
4. May also hunt by walking on the ground. Can walk short distances, but with a "rocking" or "wobbling" gait.
5. Eyes often shine bright red when reflecting ambient light.
6. Wings are often held up level with the head or even above the head in what is known as the "threat posture". So-called "Ear tufts" or feathers protruding from the top of the head give the appearance of ears, but are not involved in hearing.
7. Feathers are unique and adapted perfectly for silent flight. The leading edge of primary or flight feathers is fringed or serrated rather than smooth. This softened edge reduces noise made by air passing over the wing. Most owl feathers are also covered with a soft velvet-like down that helps to muffle sound.
8. Powerful enough to take prey 2-3 times heavier than themselves. Able to kill animals as large as a dog and carry away animals as large as skunks.
9. Some have 500 pounds per square inch of crushing power in their talons. (An average adult human male has about 60 pounds per square inch in his hands.)
10. Many hunt in the "sit and wait" style; prey may be captured on the ground, in the air or fish may be snatched off the surface of bodies of water using their sharp talons
11. May be very aggressive towards intruders when nesting. (Has anyone ever considered why they were chased by the Mothman?)
12. Can fly at speeds up to 40 mph. (Perhaps a giant owl could fly proportionately faster, especially if it was engaged in repeatedly ascending and then diving in its attack or if it was flying cross-country whie the car was negotiating hills and curves; the Berkut eagle is said to be able to reach speeds of up to 200 mph in a dive!)
Would a giant owl be able to kill and/or carry off an animal the size of a German Shepherd, as the Mothman is alleged to have done?